The Logistics Cluster continues to monitor the situation in Cameroon. Activated in October 2018 specifically in relation to the North-West South-West crisis which has seen insecurity and attacks against civilians cause mass movements of people, the Logistics Cluster deployed a Coordinator and Information Management Officer to the country to meet with partners and conduct logistics gaps and needs analysis. Following consultations with humanitarian organisations working on the response as well as the WFP Country Office, and with sufficient commercial capacity to meet humanitarian needs, it was determined that no active cluster activities are required at this time, and as such the cluster was moved to a dormant status.
More than seven years after civil unrest erupted in Libya during the 2011 Arab Spring, the country continues to face widespread insecurity. Recurrent clashes among local armed factions controlling different parts of the country have led to extreme instability and political divisions, with the latest incidents in and around Tripoli leading to a further displacement of population. Security and access constraints are the major operational challenges for responding organisations, especially around Tripoli and in the east and the south of the country, and are impacting the ability of organisations to deliver relief items in an effective and efficient manner. Informational support continues to be key for responding organisations and their operational planning, with the Logistics Sector publishing 36 information updates as at 31 October 2019.
Following Category 3 Cyclone Idai making landfall in central Mozambique on 14 March, the Logistics Cluster was activated on 20 March to assist the humanitarian community in their efforts to deliver lifesaving items to affected areas. Six weeks later the operation in Mozambique expanded after Category 4 Cyclone Kenneth made landfall in Cabo Delgado Province in the country’s north. Both cyclones caused significant damage to logistics infrastructure across the affected areas including warehouses, roads and bridges, with the number of people affected reaching over 2.2 million.
During the response, the Logistics Cluster provided support to 102 organisations across multiple coordination cells in Maputo, Beira, Chimoio and Pemba, and published a total of 127 information management products including 36 maps via a dedicated webpage. The Logistics Cluster, through WFP in its role as lead agency and other humanitarian partners, also supported responding organisations through facilitation of access to common services, including storage of 3,974 m3 of relief items across eight locations, transport of 1814 mt of humanitarian cargo via road, sea, river and air, and the distribution of 3,238 litres of fuel. Support was also provided in the form of cargo flight reception at both Beira and Pemba airports, with the Logistics Cluster receiving 101 flights totalling 2,143 mt of relief items.
In early March, a severe weather system formed off the eastern coast of Mozambique, bringing heavy rains and strong winds to southern Malawi, before tracking back to the Mozambique channel. Here it intensified into Cyclone Idai which made landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, continuing to Malawi where it caused significant infrastructure damage to the country’s south. Through coordination, information sharing and facilitating access to common logistics services, the Logistics Sector, co-led by WFP and the Malawian Ministry of Transport and Public Works, assisted the humanitarian community in their efforts to deliver lifesaving items to affected areas. During the response, organisations were supported through the provision of information management with a total of 55 information management products published via a dedicated webpage. The Logistics Sector also facilitated access for the government and responding humanitarian organisations to common logistics services including storage in five locations throughout the country with 1,716 m3 of relief items stored over the course of the response, the road transport of 1,310 mt of humanitarian cargo, and the boat transport of 129 humanitarian passengers to areas cut-off by road. Over the length of the response, a total of 31 organisations were supported.
Following severe flooding and infrastructural damage to Manicaland Province caused by the remnants of Cyclone Idai which crossed into the country as a tropical storm on 17 March, the Logistics Cluster was activated in Zimbabwe in early April in support of the humanitarian response. Severe damage to roads and bridges in the affected area meant that air transport was the most effective means of reaching populations with assistance.
To enable this, the Logistics Cluster, through WFP, facilitated access to air transport for the humanitarian community using one Mi8 helicopter which transported a total of 88 mt of humanitarian cargo to 15 locations. Common storage was also made available with 541 m3 of relief items stored over the length of the response. Information also proved crucial to the response, with 46 information updates published on a dedicated webpage during the response. In total, 24 organisations were supported throughout the response.
The Logistics Cluster has been officially activated in-country to support the humanitarian response to the crisis. Due to the absence of WFP in Venezuela, OCHA is best positioned to act as lead agency with support from the Global Logistics Cluster in Rome. A Logistics Cluster Coordinator and Information Manager were deployed to the country in early November.