Source Logistics Cluster
Theme Coordination, Air Transport, Overland Transport, Sea and Rivers Transport, Border Crossings and Customs
Countries Philippines
Document type Situation Update
Publication date 14/11/2013

Border Crossings & Customs

Air Transport

  • In Manila military air assets are being deployed to support search and rescue operations and the transport of relief items to Tacloban. Availability of cargo airlift is limited, as the priority for these assets is to support medical needs of the affected population.
  • Tacloban Airport terminal has been damaged and the runway can be only utilised by small civilian aircraft (used to support the evacuation of victims) and by military aircraft (currently the Philippine and US Air Forces).
  • Flights ex-Manila into Cebu is possible with commercial carriers.
  • Cebu airport is fully functional, with commercial service providers available. Until the situation in Tacloban improves Cebu will become the main receiving hub for international aid. However, due to an expected increase in traffic, congestion is expected in the coming week.

Overland Transport

  • The road from Manila to Tacloban via Hondagua-Leagazpi to Samer Island, and then onward through Samer Island, is accessible with a transit time of 1.5 to 2 days (light vehicles).
  • Access from the South is also viable but is dependent on weather conditions.
  • Road access from Ormoc to Tacloban is passable, but only for light vehicles.
  • Road access to Roxas is difficult, but there is limited information currently available.

Sea Transport

  • Ferry service and Ro-Ro vessels are available from Cebu to Ormoc (5 hours Ro-Ro, 2.5 hours pax service), but have limited capacity.
  • A commercial Ro-Ro ferry service is operating between San Jose’- Carangian (2 hours travel time).


  • The Logistics Cluster is planning to provide transit storage temporarily in Cebu to offset the expected congestion at the airport. 4 MSUs have arrived in Cebu. 2 will be erected next to the airport terminal to augment existing capacity; the other 2 are currently en- route. A compound has been identified as well as an area next to the airport terminal to potentially erect Mobile Storage Units (MSUs).

Other Logistics Gaps or Bottlenecks

  • Fuel in Cebu is currently not an issue; in Tacloban fuel could emerge as a critical bottleneck as forward basing of fuel will be vital for efficient and effective operations.