General Road Conditions
The Department of Infrastructure Development, under the Ministry of Public Works bears the responsibility of maintaining and constructing primary and secondary roads. Its main task is to maintain and develop road networks according to national socio-economic requirements. At regional level the Ministry of Local Governments is responsible for the maintenance and construction of feeder roads. Administration & Regulation of road transport is addressed by the Department of Road Transport under the Ministry of Transport and Communication.
Eritrean terrain is largely mountainous and the roads tend to meander through steep hills as well as being in general quite narrow. The Primary road network is little more than 50% asphalt, and feeder roads are gravel and largely rough.
Maximum vehicle capacity permitted to operate on primary roads in Eritrea is 53MT. Most long haul trucks have a capacity of 40-45MT and operate on all main roads. Secondary roads can handle only 5-10MT. Bridges across the country have no axle limitations. The total number of trucks in Eritrea (est. by MoTC) is approximately 5,000. 40% of which is affiliated to the major transport operators in the country.
June - November are particularly wet periods when many secondary roads are impassable.