Horn of Africa Drought Response

27 July 2011

As a result of an ongoing drought, the Horn of Africa is currently experiencing a humanitarian crisis; populations in Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, and Uganda do not have access to sufficient food, water, or shelter.

nullThe Government of Ethiopia announced that approximately 4.5 million people will require emergency food assistance during the second half of 2011 and the number of refugees entering Ethiopia, particularly from Somalia, is rapidly increasing. In many drought-stricken areas of northern Kenya the number of people affected is expected to rise to 3.5 million by August and at the refugee camps at Dadaab, in north-eastern Kenya, the current daily average of new arrivals is 1,200 people per day. The number of people estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia is now 3.7 million people, with the greatest hunger needs located in areas of southern Somalia where humanitarian access has been most limited. Additionally, continued fighting along the border areas of Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia has increased the vulnerability of households already affected by high food prices, failed rainfall and displacement. These circumstances have presented unique challenges to humanitarian relief efforts. Access constraints that have resulted from the security situation in some areas have complicated efforts to assess the needs of the affected populations and impacted the ability of the humanitarian community to quickly and effectively scale up operations in response to the crisis.

The Global Logistics Cluster is closely monitoring the situation across the Horn of Africa, in cooperation with the various UN and NGO partner organizations involved in the humanitarian relief effort. The Logistics Cluster is continuing to coordinate with Logistics Sector elements in place in Ethiopia and Kenya, and with the Somalia Logistics Cluster to assess the overall situation as it evolves. Regular communication with partner organizations concerning their ongoing operations in the region, as well as their assessment of the circumstances on the ground and their current planning activities is enabling the coordination of a unified response to the emergency. The Global Logistics Cluster is also working with partner organizations to evaluate emerging logistics needs: options for the augmentation of staff are being discussed, organizations have been asked to provide feedback on possible logistics gaps, and all participants in the Cluster approach are cooperating to identify potential pipelines to supply the region and support the scaling up of operations.

For more information see: http://www.logcluster.org/ops/som11a