Fuel Crisis in Yemen

28 August 2012

Since January 2011, Yemen has experienced widespread protests leading to a political stalemate and a deteriorating security situation nationwide. Government oil refineries have been damaged, leaving Yemeni authorities unable to compensate for the loss in production with fuel imports. The fuel crisis shows little sign of abating; most Petrol stations have run out of fuel. Massive queues, stretching for several days, have developed around those with remaining stocks and growing violence at commercial Petrol stations prevents the humanitarian community from using them. Due to these volatile conditions the government price of Diesel has doubled since May 2011 to 100YER and the price of Petrol has risen by two thirds from 75YER to 125YER.

Yemen Fuel Crisis 1

The storage of the fuel is an essential component of this service and the Logistics Cluster Coordinator is responsible for its management together with a dedicated Fuel Operations Assistant and Fuel Storekeepers. Since the beginning of this service the Logistics Cluster has facilitated the establishment of fuel storage and distribution systems in Sana'a, Aden, and Haradh.

As a result, the humanitarian community identified the severe scarcity of fuel products as a major logistical constraint on their operations. To address this gap WFP, through the Logistics Cluster, began procuring and distributing fuel to the humanitarian community in Yemen in order to ensure the continuity, and also enhance the efficiency, of the emergency response. Currently, the Logistics Cluster facilitates the provision of Petrol and Diesel to more than 30 organisations.

Terms and conditions of the fuel provision service were established in cooperation with the stakeholders in the humanitarian community, operating in Yemen. WFP and the Logistics Cluster have regularly held coordination meetings with partners in order to; process their fuel requirements, prepare the storage facilities, adjust staffing to accommodate the operational needs, and estimate the funding required for procuring adequate fuel supplies. From June 2011 to August 2012, the Logistics Cluster has distributed approximately 345,000 litres of fuel to the humanitarian community.

As the crisis in Yemen continues to evolve and humanitarian organisations adapt their operations to meet the changing needs, the Logistics Cluster will endeavour to maintain continuity in the response operation by supplying fuel through this effective fuel distribution system.